Produced-Water-Treatment Systems: Comparison of North Sea and Deepwater Gulf of Mexico
In general, water-treatment systems in the North Sea differ from those in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico (GOM). The two most apparent differences are the extensive use of hydrocyclones in the North Sea, and the use of large, multistage horizontal flotation units in the deepwater GOM. Deepwater-GOM platforms use hydrocyclones, but not nearly to the extent that they are used in typical North Sea platforms. Typically in the North Sea, if flotation is used at all, it is a vertical compact unit. The objective of this paper is to provide an understanding of the reasons for these differences.
In this paper, field data and modeling results are presented to explain these differences. The models accurately correlate the measured drop size and oil-in-water concentration observed in the two regions. In addition, the modeling tools are used to answer hypo- thetical “what if” questions. This allows isolation of individual variables such as fluid temperature, shear, separator residence time, and fluid density. Thus, the modeling provides a detailed understanding of the relative importance of these variables. It also provides a direct comparison of the performance of North Sea vs. GOM process configurations.
While the qualitative conclusions are well-known (i.e., deepwater separation systems are designed to minimize weight and space), the detailed understanding provided here provides insight into the design of water-treatment systems in general. It also emphasizes, in a quantitative way, the importance of carrying out effective water treatment early in the process and the necessary use of large end-of-pipe equipment when this is not possible.
Addressing the Gaps in Subsea Produced Water Treatment
Operators are looking for ways to better handle water coming from subsea wells, which is typically treated at topside facilities. Subsea separation systems are not equipped to discharge water back into the reservoir, so how do companies close the gaps?
Water Midstream Sector Positioned To Handle Rising Permian Volumes
A growing sector of water midstream companies is in the Permian Basin looking to take advantage of a business opportunity borne out of rising produced water volumes. Billion-dollar valuations for these companies in the near future could become a reality.
De Nora Acquires Neptune Enterprises To Form De Nora Neptune
Frac water disinfection experts become De Nora service arm in the unconventional oil and gas market.
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04 June 2019
05 June 2019